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Golden Cradle of Human Civilization

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PavaKa Nah Saraswati VaajebhiRVaGiNivatiYadnyanmVaShtuDhiyaVsu- RigVeda

This sukta written in the praise of Saraswati River elaborates as
The one who purifies, bestows infinite Knowledge, Strength, Prosperity
and Intellect to her devotees or to one who performs the yadnya.

The earliest mention of Saraswati is as a Part of Trinity Saraswati – Lakshmi -Parvati to help the and Bramha – Vishnu – Maheshto creat maintain andregenerate the universe. Then comes the legendary story of Lord Indra and Vritra (dragon) who trapped all the water of world, he was slayed by Indra and then the heavenly flow of the river started.Every aspect of the river’s life, right from its birth to its journey down the Himalayas and over the plains towards the SindhuSagara ( Arabian Sea), have found mention in one religious text or other, like Rigveda, Yajurveda, Atharvaveda, Brahmana literature, Manusmriti, Mahabharata and the Puranas

But What was it that lead to the Name “Saraswati ” to this mystical flow of heavenly water ?
Saraswati is the Vedic Goddess of
Eternal Knowledge , Music , Art , Wisdom and Nature.

This River bed had abundance and provided its habitants with everything it needed.It gave knowledge of every kind. With the scripts such as 4 Vedas shows the enormity of understanding great things in such a simple manner.
It covers everything right from the Cosmology,Archery (dhanurveda), Architecture,
Music n celestial dance (gandharvaVeda), Ayurveda (mediciene ) and many more.
The detailed script mentioned in all the 4 vedas are as a Mother feeds her baby, showing the spiritual connection of the inhabitants with the almighty.
Goddess Saraswati is often depicted with Hansa (swan) which symbolises spiritual perfection, transcendence and Moksha- the ultimate aim of a soul.
With all the things required for a human life and after – fulfilled at the banks of this river it was only perfect to be named as Saraswati. Here flourished a civilization thousands of years ago which was much more advanced and liberal called
Saraswati River Civilization.

The Mostsignificant Impact this discovery has that it proves the existence of Vedic literature to be true. For centuries the Vedic literature were believedto be imaginary scripts or Mythical. This gives us a meaningful insight on the knowledge and teachings of Vedic life. Vedas were which praise Vast and flourished Saraswati civic society is actually the practical and day to day implementation of Vedic teachings. The world stands witness to the Glory of “Saraswati – Vedic Civilization ”
The people wereintegrated and the Earth was their Mother Land. This is where the Phrase‘ VasudaivaKutumbakam ’ (vasudaiva – whole world/ Kutumbaka- one family) and the word ‘matrubhuni’ (matru-mother /bhumi-earth) find their spiritual origin. Every Individual was entrusted with their duties and was brought up accordingly. The Ashrams and YagnyaKundams show evidences about the ritual worship practiced by the ancient inhabitants. Most learnings and teachings were being passed from generation to the next orally and practically. When it comes to VEDAsWhat we have are the dates when literature was formed the orientation of that knowledge is still unknown.
We know is that the Religious beliefs and teachings have always been the most vital part of Vedic life and culture. The impingement that Saraswati had can still be traces to different religion and regions of the World. As the river changed many course during its life time of thousands of years, and eventually started to decline between 5000-3000BC before vanishing between 2200-1800BC the people started migrating. With them travelled their Gods and Goddesses. One such goddess is Saraswati.
Saraswati – Vedic Goddess Knowledge-Art-Music-Intellect Continues her form (depicted holding lute) in culture towards the east from Nepal-Burma-Thai-Chinese and even Japanese.

Thai Culture – Suratsawadi or Saratswadi,
Burmese Culture – Thurathadi orTipitakaMedaw ,
Chinese Culture–Biancaitian ,
Japanese Culture–Benzaiten

A Detail study is needed to identify the travel path as it might reveal some of the greatest links yet unknown to us. We can clearly see a pattern in this nomenclature in the Asian Subcontinent.

In other cultures Female Goddess have been depicted or worshiped for seeking similar blessings. They are as follows:

Egyptians – Seshat (sesha-sesheta) goddess of reading writing arithmetic and architecture and Librarian for the Library of Gods.
Mesopotamian–Bekkior Ticketian goddess of writing, learning and the base of all Knowledge yet unknown.
Greek – Athena Goddess of wisdom, warfare, civilization, strength, strategy, crafts, and justice. This description fits exactly to Vedic Description suggesting the first settlement after moving out of this society.
Roman – Minerva equivalent to Greek goddess Athena.
Etruscans– Menrwa – Goddess of Wisdom, Art, Health and War.
Persian – Anahita (Adedvi Sura Anahita) Goddess or Water, Wisdom, Healing and Fertility.

I am pretty sure that there is come connection in between all these and will show us the true history of the know worlds if studied on the similar path. It is not just The Holy Water that flows here, it is the stream of Global Human Civilization. As science is slowly going towards Vedas and its teachings – So is the needs for the world to start searching the root of their own culture. I am very sure Saraswati River – its Civilization Will prove to be the Silver Line that connects all the dots, and one day in peace and harmony it will bring all back to their Golden Cradle.

By
YashPande.
DecodeCulture
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Unearthing the Saraswati mystery

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Work is on in Yamunanagar to dig up what’s being claimed is the ancient Saraswati. Denying any nationalistic agenda, Haryana’s BJP government says its faith in the project to revive the ‘lost river’ is backed by science. The myth, it adds, is now a reality. In the minds yes, but the mystery remains.

The truth is still out there Rigveda, the oldest of the four ancient Hindu texts, mentions the “mighty” Saraswati 45 times. When NDA’s former Culture minister Jagmohan ordered excavation in Haryana to trace the course of this mythical “lost river” in 2002, he faced criticism of pushing the Sangh Parivar’s agenda of equating the supposed pre-Vedic Harappan era with Hindus in the garb of promoting religious tourism. A related charge was of trying to establish the indigenousness of Hinduism while discounting the Aryan invasion theory, and making it appear as a continuing 5,000-year-old civilisation centered around the Saraswati.
Denying giving Saraswati a civilisational virtue or aiming to revive Brahmanism and the sanctity of Vedas, he said it was not important whether the river was found or not. “However,” he pointed out, “in the course of the research, a certain consciousness will find its way into the minds of the people… that it was not a mythological desert river.”
That consciousness seems to have seeped in. The Saraswati river as a reality has still not won the day, but it being a myth is losing ground as the earth is being dug up since April 21. At Rohlaheri village in Yamunanagar, fresh water has been found not far below at 7 feet, bringing a flood of outsiders and locals to the excavation site. Such is the rush that a community kitchen (bhandara) has been set up in the vicinity. Some are simply inquisitive, but there is a sprinkling of those who want to immerse themselves in the “holy goddess”. The Ramayana, Mahabharata, Brahmanas and Puranas all talk of Saraswati, some even calling it Brahma’s sacred daughter Ikshumati — the greatest of mothers, greatest of rivers and greatest of goddesses.
Locals say a number of seasonal rivulets in the area are dotted with small temples, alluding to the notion that the river has always existed — in their minds, at least. It was March this year that Haryana’s BJP government announced excavation of the Saraswati river from Adi Badri, the point from where it is said to have originated. The digging is to be spread over 43 villages of Yamunanagar district starting from Rohlaheri (Bilaspur tehsil) to Uncha Chandna (Mustafabad sub-tehsil), a distance of 50 km.
The government says the “revival of the ancient river” will take a couple of years, but to begin with, a 7-km water channel will be dug up. This, it claims, will act as a link for a dam and reservoir to be built subsequently over 1,000 acres. What will become of such plans is best left to the travails of time. Can an extinct river be revived by bringing underground water to the surface?
The work is being executed under the rural job guarantee scheme and around 400 families have been entrusted with the task. Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar has announced Rs 50 crore for the project, though the administration is yet to receive this money.
The Development and Panchayats Department says it has conducted the demarcation by using satellite imagery. Another claim is that advanced technology resulted in the discovery of water “from Saraswati” at Mughalwali village. Water gushing out is no myth, 2,500-3,000 people paying a visit daily and some taking the “holy water” too is a fact. But is this the fabled Saraswati, or just a seasonal channel?
Marwa Khurd village resident Sohan Lal, 70, can’t understand what the confusion is. “I have seen Saraswati flowing near Bilaspur (in the area of Kakroni village) for many years. The goddess has always existed,” he says, referring to one of the many seasonal rivulets. The myth is a reality in his case. No confusion. “Saraswati is our cultural heritage and we are working on the path shown by satellite images. Water being found from the site has proved its past. The excavation is going on and after completion of the work, there would be a flowing Saraswati,” says a confident Khattar.
Former Congress state secretary Satpal Kaushik exercises caution. “I am not questioning the existence of Saraswati in Yamunanagar. But, it is a fact that the water that came out in Mughalwali is not that of the Saraswati. It may be ground water,” he says, adding that the excavation will create a new problem for farmers as it will divide the land.
District Development and Panchayat Officer (DDPO) Gagandeep Singh has a bigger picture in mind. He says the Saraswati revival project has multi-dimensional aspects such as water conservation, water harvesting, ground water recharging, flood protection, improvement in ecological balance, flourishing of flora and fauna and development of eco-tourism, recreation tourism and pilgrim tourism. Is this long list for real?
Going back and forth
Hindu mythology refers to Saraswati as the goddess of wisdom and knowledge, manifesting itself in the form of a river. “Ganga, Jamuna, Saraswati” find a common mention in many theological and cultural contexts. The Rig Veda refers to Saraswati as the mighty river flowing from the high mountains to the sea. In fact, the Vedas lay more importance to Saraswati than Ganga.
French scholar Michel Danino in his book The Lost River: On the Trail of Sarasvati suggests that Saraswati was no mythological river. He says there is strong evidence to suggest that the Saraswati of yesterday could be the Ghaggar of today.
A major proponent of making the Indus civilisation and the Rigveda compatible has been BB Lal, former Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). He claims that the Rig Vedic Saraswati and the present-day Saraswati-Ghaggar combine, which flows through Haryana and Punjab and dries up near Sirsa, are the same. His theory thus refutes the Aryan invasion theory.
Indus and Saraswati, Danino writes in his book, were the lifeline of the Indus Valley and Harappan civilisation (between 3,500 and 1,900 BC). Ancient Sanskrit texts as well as maps plotted by the British some 200 years ago indicate that Saraswati was the Ghajjar-Hakra river (Ghaggar in India and Hakra in Pakistan) that passes through Haryana.
Archaeologist Marc Aurel Stein recorded in 1880s that the easternmost tributary of Ghaggar was still known as Sarsuti at that time, which he said was a corruption of the name over a period of time. Richard Dixon Oldham, an officer of the Geological Survey of India, suggested around the same time that geological changes and tectonic movement were responsible for the Saraswati changing course and finally drying up. He suggested that Sutlej and Yamuna were tributaries of Ghaggar-Hakra. Geological changes diverted Sutlej towards the Indus and Yamuna towards the Ganga. As a result, Saraswati did not have enough water to reach the Arabian Sea and it dried up in the Thar Desert that extends from Rajasthan into some portions of Haryana, Punjab and the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat.
What science offers, and the critique
Research conducted by various institutions, including the Indian Space and Research Organisation (ISRO), has suggested the course of the Saraswati. Satellite images have unearthed the hidden course of what could be the Saraswati river below the sands of Thar Desert in Rajasthan. As per an ISRO report, the mapped course of the river is 4-10 km wide, passing through Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat, confirming the findings of Oldham.
Geological studies carried out to ascertain the existence of a palaeo-channel — remnant of an inactive river or stream channel that has been either filled or buried by younger sediment — in the north-western alluvial plains by the Department of Geology, Kurukshetra University, highlight the presence of a river system in the area demarcated for excavation.
Prof Dr AR Chaudhri, chairman, KU’s Department of Geology, says studies have indicated that Saraswati boosted the development of Vedic civilisation. “The sedimentological characteristics of the alluvium in Kalayat and palaeo-riverbed near Kurukshetra point to the presence of a trans-Himalayan river system. The channel, which is being excavated in Bilaspur area of Yamunanagar district, is along the palaeo-path of the erstwhile river which has been identified as per the official revenue record of British era,” he says.
Saraswati, it is believed, got lost due to tectonic movement. “Satellite images obtained from ISRO prove palaeo-channels of the lost river still exist below the ground,” says Darshan Lal Jain, president, Saraswati Nadi Shodh Sansthan, who’s been advocating the revival of the Saraswati since 1999.
Those claiming that Saraswati is no more a myth cite research in the fields of archaeology, geology, hydrology, glaciology, remote sensing and ground water technology. Even revenue records with entries that mention the Saraswati are given as evidence.
In revenue records, Saraswati travels from Adi Badri of Yamunanagar district to Pehowa in Kurukshetra district. Along this site are several historical temples. One such place believed to be the dry basin of Saraswati is where Lord Krishna is said to have delivered preachings of the Gita. It is believed that the battle of Mahabharata was also fought on the dry bed of Saraswati river.
There is a folklore associated with this site. Wherever the river flows, there are shamshan ghats (cremation grounds) on the embankment. The locals do not go to Haridwar for immersion of ashes in the Ganga. They treat Saraswati as an equally holy river and immerse the ashes in the open fields, believing that the river flows there. “When we were young, the water (believed to be of Saraswati) flowed in our village. After the cremation, the villagers would immerse the ashes in the water of the river,” claims Ram Narain of Rohlaheri village.
However, there are historians who say the Saraswati might not have been a mighty perennial river. They say remote-sensing and satellite imagery of palaeo (past) channels begin in the north, move towards Rajasthan and then get lost. There is hardly any proof, they claim, of these images being that of the Saraswati. They also point out how remote-sensing does not reveal the antiquity of the images, is not capable of dating and is ineffective on moist soil.
Looking back, ahead
GN Srivastva, Superintending Archaeologist, Chandigarh circle, has collected samples of pebbles and earthen pottery from Mughalwali. “The earthenware is of the Rajputana period from the eighth to the 12th century. The Saraswati river passage found in Yamunanagar and Kurukshetra has links to Prachi-Saraswati of Pehowa (Kurukshetra),” he says. “The Prachi-Saraswati river is mentioned in the stone inscription of the time of King Bhoj of Pratihar dynasty, ruling in the 9th century AD.”
A report of the Central Ground Water Board for Yamunanagar prepared in 2007 says the three blocks of Bilaspur, Mustafabad and Radaur have moved in the category of dark zone due to over-exploitation of underground water and mismanagement of ground water. The report recommends construction of a reservoir in the Kandi belt to enhance ground water and underground water quality and quantity.
Several agencies are involved in the Saraswati project and the Haryana government has hired the Water and Power Consultancy Services (India) Limited (WAPCOS) to prepare a detailed project report for revival of the river. Other agencies to be involved include the United Nations Development Programme, NABARD and Asian Development Bank.
Director (Exploration), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Dr NK Verma, has also helped in narrowing down the location for drilling of deep borewells for tapping of the Saraswati river palaeo-channels. The ONGC has committed to carry out drilling of deep borewells in the “Saraswati river course”.
Deputy Commissioner Dr SS Phulia says the “ONGC has identified three points in Yamunanagar district and one each in Kurukshetra, Kaithal and Fatehabad districts to install tubewells in the Saraswati river course”.
So, it is the fabled Saraswati? It is not a no. It’s not a convincing yes either.
COUNTING THE GAINS OF RIVER REVIVAL PROJECT
Yamunanagar Deputy Commissioner Dr SS Phulia claims the excavation will help in preventing flooding in the area. He says crores are spent on flood protection works on the Somb river every year.
The project, he says, will help in reclaiming thousands of acres of land that is rendered unusable during monsoons. The administration has associated the revival of Saraswati with construction of a dam, artificial reservoir and channelising untamed drains during monsoons, he adds.
The reservoir to harness rainwater is expected to be more than double the size of Sukhna Lake at Chandigarh.
A recreational water park, botanical garden and zoo will also be constructed. The Chief Minister has announced an express highway along the Saraswati Revival Project which will start from Kalka (Panchkula) and run up to Kalesar (Yamunanagar).
A temple of Goddess Saraswati is proposed on the embankment of the reservoir. A historical gurdwara (Rampur Kamboyan) already exists. But the work regarding the construction of the dam and the reservoir will start only after project reports. The project is expected to be executed in two years.
LOTS TO SAY ABOUT THE RIVER
Rigveda calls Saraswati the seventh river of the Sindhu-Saraswati river system, hence the name Saptsindhu for the region bound by rivers: Saraswati in east, Sindhu (Indus) in west.
Ancient texts say the Saraswati springs from Himalayan glaciers in Har-ki-dun in Uttarakhand and emerges at Adi Badri, 30 km north of Jagadhri (Haryana), through the foothills of Shivalik ranges. About 5,000 years ago, it traversed 1,600 km, through Himachal, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Around 3,500 years ago, tectonic changes caused river migration and its desiccation.
Modern quest for the Saraswati began in the 1970s when American satellite images showed traces of water channels in northern and western India that had disappeared long ago.
The finding of Saraswati river disproves the Aryan invasion theory, which states that Aryans who originally lived in central Asia migrated to India in around 1,500 BC attacking the local Dravidians and moving them south.
Saraswati Heritage Project was started in 2002 by NDA. It was dropped by the UPA after a parliamentary panel termed it an unscientific quest.
CPM’s Sitaram Yechury, former panel head, said the project’s justification was mythological, not archaeological.
Some believe monsoon-fed Ghaggar-Hakra river, which flows through northwest India before entering Pakistan, is a remnant of the Saraswati.

Saraswati river sprouts to life after 4,000 years in Haryana

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As many as 80 people who were digging the course of the Saraswati in Yamunanagar district suddenly noticed that the soil they were shovelling out from a pit was moist.

Haryana government’s efforts to trace the origin of the mythical Saraswati river bore fruit on Tuesday when water started gushing out from a pit, which was being dug under the lost river revival plan.
As many as 80 people who were digging the course of the Saraswati in Mugalwali village of Yamunanagar district suddenly noticed that the soil they were shovelling out from a pit was moist. The dampness increased as they dug deeper and water started gushing out when they burrowed to a depth of eight feet.
“It was around 1 pm when Khalil Ahmed, Salma, Pradeep and Praveen Kumar were digging up a pit. A stream came out when it was dug up to 8 feet and the quantity of water increased as they went deeper,” secretary of local panchayat Balkar Singh said. The water was also found in four other pits, which were being dug in a line. The news spread like wildfire and people thronged the village in large numbers. Yamunanagar Deputy Commissioner S.S. Phulia who along with Haryana Assembly Speaker Kanwar Pal Gurjar had launched the excavation work rushed to the spot. He tasted the water and then joined the people who have been digging the course of the dead river for the past 15 days. Work on Saraswati river project was launched on April 21.

The government believes that the lost river originates from Adi Badri area and flows through 41 villages in the Yamunanagar district. Excavation work has been started in eight villages for which Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar has made budgetary provisions worth `50 crore.
A huge check dam, measuring 400 acres, has also been proposed on the Somb river that will be diverted to the Saraswati river. The mythical Saraswati river, according to the historians, had dried up 4,000 years ago. Satellite images had mapped its course that once flowed through North-Western India. Remote sensing experts had said that the river vanished after a powerful earthquake hit its course.
Traces of Saraswati river are found in the holy city of Kurukshetra. It is believed that the river once flowed through Thanesar, the capital of erstwhile Harshvardhan’s kingdom, which is located close to Kurukshetra. Legend has it that the Saraswati once fed two wells known as Kapalmochan and Ranmochan in which the Pandavas had taken bath.
If revived, Saraswati may boost the state’s religious tourism besides quenching the thirst of villages located on its course.

River Saraswati is for real, found in Haryana

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Efforts to unravel the mystery behind the ancient Saraswati river, which has its references in ‘vedic’ texts, got a major breakthrough when a team of geologists and scientists found traces of the extinct river last month.

According to reports, the team last month began excavations at a place, just five kilometres away from Yamuna Nagar’s Adi Badri in Haryana, in order to trace the source and route of the river, which was extinct till now.

After digging just seven to eight feet deep, a stream of water came gushing out of the Earth at a place called Mugalwali near Adi Badri, which was once considered to be the holy Saraswati river’s course.

Though the Archaeological Survey of India has not not officially confirmed the findings, experts believe that the stream of water is part of the ancient river that flowed nearly 5,000-6,000 years ago.

The Centre and the Haryana Government had recently launched an effort to trace the route of the ancient river. Though serious efforts had been made in the past by geologists and scientific community both during British period as well as in independent India, the river remained a mystery so much so that its mention in the ancient texts has invariably been termed as mythological reference.

The Haryana government had last month started the excavation work on the basis of satellite imagery and the administration carried out excavation work on 3 kms stretch near Adi Badri.

The excavation work was being carried out by the administration employing dozens of daily wage workers under the MNREGA scheme. Region’s Deputy Commissioner and SDM Bilaspur also visited the excavation site to witness the development and joined the locals who offered prayers to Goddess Saraswati, said reports.

The discovery has raised hope for rejuvenating the holy Saraswati river which was once considered to be extinct as locals had to dig around 85 ft deep to avail water through tubewells in the nearby areas.

The Haryana government, which had started the excavation work, also promised to develop the Adi Badri Heritage Board to increase the importance of the site which would also lead to promotion of the site from religious tourism point of view.

The ML Khattar-led BJP government in the state has started to work for preserving and promoting Hindu cultural and religious sites in the state after coming into power in the state.

A 20-member panel has also been constituted to decide the route of the ancient river. The panel will be led by the head of the Sarasvati Nadi Shodh Sansthan,