Scientific Articles

ISRO Articles:

  • Satellite images as scientific tool for Sarasvati Paleochannel and its archaeological affinity in NW India.  By : B.K. Bhadra and J.R. Sharma

The “Lost Vedic Sarasvati River” that have flown through Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Northern Gujarat States in full might around 6000 B.C. and disappeared around 3000 B.C. However, establishing the exact course of Vedic Sarasvati and its perennial source remains a debatable topic among the researchers due to lack of proper scientific database. An attempt has been made to unravel the truth through Remote Sensing technology and multi resolution satellite images…. Read More

  • Sub surface water oozing at Kalayat village, Jind District, Haryana in December, 2005: Possible connection with Sarasvati paleochannelBy : B.K. Bhadra, A.K. Gupta and J.R. Sharma

Sudden spurt of sub-surface water oozing at kalayat village in Jind district of Haryana has been reported in December, 2005. Oozing water has high temperature, high fluoride content but low in TDS, nitrate and total hardness indicative of paleochannel source….Read More

  • Sarasvati River in Haryana and its Linkage with the Vedic Sarasvati River- Integrated study based on the satellite images and ground based information. By : B.K. Bhadra, A.K. Gupta and J.R. Sharma

Detailed studies on the status on the status of Sarasvati Nadi of northern Haryana have been carried out using multi date and multi resolution satellite images, GIS techniques and ground data. Paleochannels have been delineated using remote sensing techniques and validating using discovered archaeological sites, sedimentological data from drilled wells and water quality data…Read More

  • Course Of Vedic River Sarasvati as Deciphered from latest satellite data  By: J R Sharma, A K Gupta and B K Bhadra, RRSSC/ISRO, CAZRI Campus, Jodhpur

River Saraswati originated in Himalayas and dried up during 2500-1500 BC, due to tectonic and palaeo-climatic changes. River is described as as ‘Ambitame Naditame Devitame’ that is the best of mothers, best of rivers and the best of goddess and was the largest of the 7 rivers of their country. Thar desert region today does not show presence of any perennial river system or even of a major seasonal stream, except river Luni which mark the eastern limit of Thar desert and flows parallel to Aravali mountains….. Read More

  • Possible contribution of River Sarasvati in groundwater aquifer system in western Rajasthan, India  By: D. S. Mitra and Balram Bhadu

River Saraswati is believed to have flown through the Thar Desert, as reconstructed by severalexperts based on critical data gathered by them. A careful observation of the channel shows that in most of the places these are fault-controlled. Studies of palaeochannels in many parts of the world proved successful in identifying high-yielding freshwater zones. Presence of fault system accelerates the recharge process and down-flow of water gets maximized through fault planes during the wet period. The present work is an attempt to emphasize the contribution of palaeo Saraswati River to groundwater exploration in drought-prone areas of western Rajasthan….. Read More

  • Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS Applications in Water Resources – NNRMS Bulletin

In the ancient literature like Rigveda, the river Saraswati is described as the Ambitame, Naditame and Devitame ie., the best of mother, the best of river and the best of goddess. The Vedic Saraswati, a mighty and holy river of Northwest India during 6000 B.C. stretched for 1600 km long and 3-12 km wide through Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan and inally discharged into the Rann of Kutchch in Gujarat coast and disappeared around 3000 B.C. (Chauhan, 1999; Kalyanraman, 1999; Radhakrishna, 1999, Valdiya, 2002; Lal, 2009). It was a life line of the people of ancient India, mostly in the Vedic and Puranic ages. The discovery of sites of Harappan civilization on the banks of Saraswati also indicates that the river was mighty more than 8000 years ago. Two perennial rivers of the Himalaya viz. Yamuna and Satluj might be the feeder drainage of the `Lost River Saraswati’ in the past….. Read More