• Satellite images as scientific tool for Sarasvati Paleochannel and its archaeological affinity in NW India.  By : B.K. Bhadra and J.R. Sharma

The “Lost Vedic Sarasvati River” that have flown through Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Northern Gujarat States in full might around 6000 B.C. and disappeared around 3000 B.C. However, establishing the exact course of Vedic Sarasvati and its perennial source remains a debatable topic among the researchers due to lack of proper scientific database. An attempt has been made to unravel the truth through Remote Sensing technology and multi resolution satellite images…. Read More

  • Sub surface water oozing at Kalayat village, Jind District, Haryana in December, 2005: Possible connection with Sarasvati paleochannelBy : B.K. Bhadra, A.K. Gupta and J.R. Sharma

Sudden spurt of sub-surface water oozing at kalayat village in Jind district of Haryana has been reported in December, 2005. Oozing water has high temperature, high fluoride content but low in TDS, nitrate and total hardness indicative of paleochannel source….Read More

  • Sarasvati River in Haryana and its Linkage with the Vedic Sarasvati River- Integrated study based on the satellite images and ground based information. By : B.K. Bhadra, A.K. Gupta and J.R. Sharma

Detailed studies on the status on the status of Sarasvati Nadi of northern Haryana have been carried out using multi date and multi resolution satellite images, GIS techniques and ground data. Paleochannels have been delineated using remote sensing techniques and validating using discovered archaeological sites, sedimentological data from drilled wells and water quality data…Read More

  • Hooded serpent hypertext signifies phaṇi ‘lead or zinc’, paṇi ‘merchant, market’  By : Dr. S. Kalyanaraman

Sindhu-Sarasvati (Bhārati) Script cipher is logo-semantic representation of hypertexts using rebus principle to represent Meluhha image words and substantive meanings related to wealthcreation activities. Thus, the cipher protocol is HTTP, hypertext transfer protocol which is explained by Vātsyāyana as mlecchita vikalpa (Meluhha cipher) in Vidyāsamuddeśa which lists 64 arts including three related to semantics: akṣara muṣṭika kathanam (wrist-finger narrative), desabhāṣā jñānam (knowledge of dialects) and mlecchita vikalpa (cipher-writing)….. Read More

  • Meluhha hieroglyph dāma ‘rope’ rebus dhama ‘bellows’  By : Dr. S. Kalyanaraman

Blacksmith artificers blow gaggarī ‘blacksmiths’ bellows’, the forge in over two thousand settlements along Sarasvatī river basin; hence vernacular name of river is kammāra gaggarī ‘blacksmith’s bellows’. Working with bellows is the principal wealth-creation activity of the people of metalwork guild in the settlements. Indus Script Corpora wich is Meluhha repository of metalwork along the riverbasin, justifies the name. Gaggarī ‘blacksmith’s bellows’ may give the name gaggar to the river (Sarasvati) A synonym for this word is dhma, dhama. Dhamaka means a ‘blacksmith blowing the forge’….. Read More

  • Sarasvati Script Rosetta stones from Daimabad, a chalcolithic culture on Pravara river basin  By : Dr. S. Kalyanaraman

This monograph demonstrates that these five hypertexts are read rebus in Sarasvati Script Cipher of Meluhha words which signify metalwork, metalworkers and seafaring merchants/artisans. Daimabad archaeological evidence establishes the continuum of Sarasvati Civilization in parts of Bhāratam, south of the Vindhyas in what are characterised as ‘chacolithic’ cultures of Maharashtra and Western Bhāratam….. Read More

  • Sarasvati-Sindhu Script Decipherment as repository of economic prosperity of Ancient India   By : Dr. S. Kalyanaraman

Sindhu-Sarasvati Script is also a continuum of Bhāratiya Sprachbund i.e. a commonwealth of languages spoken in India (including Austro-Asiatic languages) where unique linguistic features and vocabularies were absorbed from one another to give rise to the Sprachbund that facilitated economic cooperation leading to prosperity. Indian Lexicon….. Read More

  • Itihāsa of अष्टाश्रि yupa signifies धन, यज्ञो वै मेधः, सोमं धनस्य सोमिनो मह्यं ददातु सोमिनः (Śri Suktam)  By : Dr. S. Kalyanaraman

Visakha is the second most important of the eight varistha-gopis. Her attributes, activities and resolve are all much like those of her friend Lalita. Visakha was born at the exact same moment as her dear friend, Srimati Radharani, appeared in this world. Visakha’s garments are decorated with stars and her complexion is like lightning, being cream-colored with a tinge of red (gaurangi). She is 14 years, 2 months and 15 days in age….. Read More

ISRO Articles:

  • Course Of Vedic River Sarasvati as Deciphered from latest satellite data  By: J R Sharma, A K Gupta and B K Bhadra, RRSSC/ISRO, CAZRI Campus, Jodhpur

River Saraswati originated in Himalayas and dried up during 2500-1500 BC, due to tectonic and palaeo-climatic changes. River is described as as ‘Ambitame Naditame Devitame’ that is the best of mothers, best of rivers and the best of goddess and was the largest of the 7 rivers of their country. Thar desert region today does not show presence of any perennial river system or even of a major seasonal stream, except river Luni which mark the eastern limit of Thar desert and flows parallel to Aravali mountains….. Read More

  • Possible contribution of River Sarasvati in groundwater aquifer system in western Rajasthan, India  By: D. S. Mitra and Balram Bhadu

River Saraswati is believed to have flown through the Thar Desert, as reconstructed by severalexperts based on critical data gathered by them. A careful observation of the channel shows that in most of the places these are fault-controlled. Studies of palaeochannels in many parts of the world proved successful in identifying high-yielding freshwater zones. Presence of fault system accelerates the recharge process and down-flow of water gets maximized through fault planes during the wet period. The present work is an attempt to emphasize the contribution of palaeo Saraswati River to groundwater exploration in drought-prone areas of western Rajasthan….. Read More

  • Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS Applications in Water Resources – NNRMS Bulletin

In the ancient literature like Rigveda, the river Saraswati is described as the Ambitame, Naditame and Devitame ie., the best of mother, the best of river and the best of goddess. The Vedic Saraswati, a mighty and holy river of Northwest India during 6000 B.C. stretched for 1600 km long and 3-12 km wide through Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan and inally discharged into the Rann of Kutchch in Gujarat coast and disappeared around 3000 B.C. (Chauhan, 1999; Kalyanraman, 1999; Radhakrishna, 1999, Valdiya, 2002; Lal, 2009). It was a life line of the people of ancient India, mostly in the Vedic and Puranic ages. The discovery of sites of Harappan civilization on the banks of Saraswati also indicates that the river was mighty more than 8000 years ago. Two perennial rivers of the Himalaya viz. Yamuna and Satluj might be the feeder drainage of the `Lost River Saraswati’ in the past….. Read More